Nikkor lenses with vibration reduction
Photographers often have problems in keeping the camera + lens and/or other accessories in a stable position. We all know that vibrations may ruin a picture. Vibrations made by ourselves (heartbeat, breathing, body movements, etc.) or by the equipment we use, because it is too heavy or there simply isn´t enough light to set at high shutter speeds. There is a golden rule: focal length = minimum shutter speed. So using a lens with a focal length of 100mm. we need to set at least a shutter speed of 1/100 sec. We may look for a support of the equipment like a wall, railing or tripod. Up to focal lengths of 200 mm. we may succeed in producing a sharp image, but using lenses with longer focal lengths or working in dim light we´ll have a problem. Some decades ago several techniques were invented to eliminate yawing and pitching movements. Nikon was a bit late (in 2001) with the introduction of cameras and lenses with a vibration reduction system. Its rival Canon Camera Co. already had a nice bunch of lenses when Nikon introduced its first VR-lens. But Nikon is catching up on its competitors quickly and nowadays Nikon offers a wide range of very nice and needle-sharp VR-lenses. In many Coolpix digital rangefinder cameras VR is integrated as well. And.........in all honesty I am compelled to say that Nikon introduced in 1994 the first compact camera ever with a VR-zoom lens: the sophisticated and very pricey Nikon Zoom 700VR (in the USA: 105VR).
As shown above in the middle of a lens a certain element is surrounded by sensors and little motors. When the sensors are determining some movements the motors are moving the elements in the opposite direction to undo all vibrations. All these techniques make it possible to handheld camera and lenses at low shutter speeds. Disadvantage is that those VR-lenses are using the power of a camera, which makes it necessary to carry extra batteries.
When mounting a VR-lens on a camera body the movable lens elements are locked. As soon as you press the shutter release button the autofocus will work and the sensors and lens motors will do their job: vibration reduction. When you have made a picture and remove your finger from the release button you may hear a soft click in the lens, indicating that the movable elements inside the lens are locked. If you remove a VR-lens from a camera before you've heard that soft click those lens elements may not be locked. And that may cause serious (and expensive) damage to the VR-system!! So be careful!
Most Coolpix cameras with integrated VR-features and the following VR-lenses can be used on a tripod but the vibration reduction feature should be put ´off´: Coolpix 8800, AF-S VR 24-120mm/3.5-5.6 G, AF-S VR 70-200mm/2.8 G and AF-VR 80-400mm/4.5-5.6. All other VR-lenses may be mounted on a tripod with VR ´on´. When using a VR-lens on a monopod VR should be switched ´on´. Most lenses have at least two VR-modes. Mode one is when you are standing still, mode two is for those who are moving (riding or flying etc.). Below you'll see (from top down) the buttons to change from manual to auto focus, to limit the focusing (to increase focusing speed at long distances), ON/OFF button and 'normal' and 'active' button: the two VR-modes mentioned before.
All G-lenses mentioned below do not have an aperture ring. All lenses with a long focal length come with a tripod rotating connector/collar, a zoom limiter and a button to switch from AF (auto focus) to MF (manual focus). All lenses mentioned here can be used with the Nikon TC-14E II, TC-17E II and TC-20E II teleconverters. On the other hand not all Nikon SLR film cameras may benefit from the vibration reduction feature. The Nikon F-75, F-80, F-100, F5, F6, and all digital SLR cameras may take an AF-S VR-lens (except the older VR-Nikkor 80-400mm.). The Nikon Pronea 6i/600i may take the latter lens as well. Please study the manual of the camera.
Left without and right with VR: both pictures were taken handheld with a Nikon D1X + VR-Nikkor 4.5-5.6/80-400 mm. at 1/8 sec. at 5/145 mm.
AF-S Micro-Nikkor 2.8/105 mm. G VR
This is the world's first SLR lens for macro-photography with a built-in Silent Wave Motor and a vibration reduction system! In this very useful focal length Nikon offered since 1984 excellent optics. The popular manual 'father' was succeeded by the auto focus micro-Nikkor - featuring floating elements and a focus limiter - in 1990, followed by the D-version in 1993. In February 2006 this VR-version was introduced. It has an optical construction of 14 elements (of which the element right behind the aperture blades is made of ED-glass) in 12 groups, nano-crystal coating on some elements and a Silent Wave Motor for very fast focusing down to 31 cm. at a comfortable object/working distance of 15 cm. With its 790 gram this lens gives a stabile grip. The lens comes with hood HB-38.
AF-P DX Nikkor 4.5-5.6/10-20 mm. G VR
Late May 2017 Nikon introduced this very nice wide angle zoom lens. It equals a 15-30 mm full frame (35 mm/135 format) lens. Its optical formula consists of 14 elements (of which 3 are aspherically shaped) in 11 groups with 7 diaphragm blades. The 230 gram light lens can be focused down to 22 cm, offers Interal Focusing and Vibration Reduction. Filtrer thread is 72 mm and the best hood s the Nikon HB-81.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 4/16-35 mm. G ED VR
In February 2010 Nikon introduced the 'world's first ultra wide-angle 16-35 mm FX-format compatible zoom lens with built-in vibration reduction', as Nikon stated it in its press release. Because the maximum aperture of this lens isn't that large the VR-feature is very welcome. The lens has 17 elements (of which two have ED-glass and two are aspheric) in 12 groups. Nano-crystal coating has been used as well. It has a Silent Wave Motor for quiet and fast auto focusing. The filter thread is 77mm. and the lens weighs in at 680 gram.
AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 2.8-4/16-80 mm. ED VR
Early July 2015 this relatively fast Zoom-Nikkor was introduced. It has a lot of novelties, like Nano Crystal Coating on several lens elements and a Fluorine coating on the extreme front and rear lens (first time in DX-format lenses!). Its optical formula consists of 17 elements in 13 groups; 3 elements (blue in picture below) are aspherical and 4 elements (yellow in picture below) are made of ED-glass. The lens also has an electromagnetic diaphragm mechanism to keep up with fast shutter speeds. The lens can befocused down to 35 cm., has 7 diaphragm blades and a filter thread of 72 mm. Finally: the lens weighs in at 480 gram.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/16-85 mm. G VR
Three aspheric lenses and two elements made of ED-glass are making this zoom lens - weighing in at 485 gram - an excellent performer for reporters. It was introduced in January 2008. The total optical construction consists of 17 elements in 11 groups with 7 aperture blades. The built-in Silent Wave Motor allows fast focusing down to 38 cm. Best hood is HB-39. Equivalent viewing angle at FX format is 24 - 127.5 mm.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/18-55 mm. G VR
This is a relatively cheap but good zoom lens, often offered in a kit with one of the popular amateur digital Nikon SLR's, was introduced in November 2007. It is based at the non-VR version, introduced in April 2005 and upgraded in November 2006. It has an optical construction of 11 elements - of which the front element is aspheric - in 8 groups. The built-in Silent Wave Motor makes focusing down to 28 cm. very fast. This light (265 gram) lens doesn't have a strong body but for its price a very nice performer. It comes with hood HB-45.
Early January 2014 Nikon Corporation introduced a successor of this popular lens, featuring a retractable lens mechanism, making the lens shorter. The optical formula hasn't changed, but its weight went down to 195 gram.
Early January 2016 an upgraded version, called AF-P Nikkor, featuring a stepping AF-motor* was introduced. Its optical formula consists of 12 elements (of which are aspherical) in 9 groups. The new lens is 10 grams heavier and uses the new HB-N106 hood.
*stepper motor or stepping motor is a brushless DC electric motor that divides a full rotation into a number of equal steps.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/18-105 mm. G VR
In August 2008 this lens was introduced. Some decades ago it was unthinkable to produce a lens with this zoom range! Nikon did it, however! It has 15 elements (of which one is aspheric and one other is made of ED-glass) in 11 groups. Mounted on a light digital SLR this light (420 gram) lens is a very nice general photography tool. It comes with hood HB-32.
AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/18-140 mm. G ED VR
Early August 2013 this long range zoomlens (equiv. 35mm: 27-210 mm.) was introduced. It has an optical formula of 17 elements (of which one is made of ED-glass and 1 element has an aspherical surface) in 12 groups, a 7 blades diaphragm and can be focused down to 45 cm. The lens has a filter thread of 67 mm, weighs in at 490 gram and does not come with a hood. The HB-32 is optional!
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/18-200 mm. G VR
With a magnification in its zoom range of more than 11 times this optical wonder - offered since November 2005 - covers the viewing angle of a great deal of wide-angle to tele-lenses. It has a very complex optical construction of 16 elements, of which 3 are aspheric and two others are made of ED-glass, in 12 groups. The Silent Wave Motor makes internal focusing down to 50 cm. a fast and quiet job. This lens overshadows all 'other-brand' lenses with the same focal range, but doesn't outperform Nikkors with a shorter focus range. Nevertheless a nice reporter's lens. This relatively light (560 gram) lens comes with hood HB-35. A second edition with improved VR-facilities, but with an identical optical formula, was introduced in July 2009.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/18-300 mm. ED VR
Mid June 2012 Nikon introduced a zoom-Nikkor with a record breaking 16.7 x zoom ratio: 18-300 mm. This lens - made for the DX-format - is featuring a Silent Wave Motor and has an optical construction of 19 elements (of which 3 are of ED glass and 3 have an aspherical shape) in 14 groups and it has 9 aperture blades. Closest focusing distance is 45 cm. The lens takes 77mm. filters, is weighing in at 830 gr. and the best hood is the HB-58. To produce such a lens many compromises have to be made, resulting in aberrations at both ends of the zoom range. Nevertheless this lens is a very nice performer with an incredible zoom range (on a DX camera) from 27 - 450 mm. (35 mm. equivalent).
In April 2014 replaced the lens by an upgraded version, with the same technical specifications.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 2.8/24-70 mm.E ED VR
Exactly 8 years (August 2007) after the introduction of this beautifull AF-S Zoom-Nikkor, Nikon gave the lens in August 2015 a sophisticated Vibration Reduction feature, enabling to shoot at 4.5 aperture stops or Exposure Value (EV) settings. The optical formula of this lens consists of 20 elements in 16 groups. Two elements are made of ED-glass, 3 elements have an aspherical surface, 1 element (and that is new in the Nikkor lens line-up) is made of ED-glass and has an aspherical surface. Finally one element is made of glass with High Refractive Index (HRI). Some elements are coated with Nano Crystal and some with Fluorine. The lens, to be used on FX-format and DX-format cameras, has 9 aperture blades, can be focused down to 38 cm. and takes 82 mm. filters. Because of all the extras the lens' weight increased from 900 gram to 1.070 gram.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/24-85 mm. G ED VR
To be used on FX (= full frame) cameras this nice zoom lens was introduced mid June 2012. It has a Silent Wave Motor for quick focusing down to 38 cm. The optical construction consists of 16 elements in 11 groups. From the front element no. 10 is made of ED-glass and the element numbers 4, 7 and 14 have an aspherical shape. The lens - made for full frame format - has a Silent Wave Motor, the latest VR II system and 7 aperture blades. It takes 72 mm. filters and is weighing in at 485 gr. The best hood is HB-63.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/24-120 mm. G VR
Early 2003 this lens was introduced. It features 15 lenses - of which 2 are of ED-glass and 2 are aspheric - in 13 groups, an aperture of 7 blades, a filter ring of 72mm., all lenses are coated with Super Nikon Integrated Coating. Among all VR-lenses this lens has a surprisingly short minimum distance of 0.5 meter. The original hood is HB-25. This very nice lens is weighing in at 575 gram. In the extreme focal lengths this lens has some inevitable cushion distortion, but it remains sharp.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 4/24-120 G-ED VR
In August 2010 Nikon introduced this lens with an optical design of 17 elements in 13 groups. Two elements are made of ED-glass, while 3 elements are aspheric and some elements are featuring the Nano Crystal coating. The lens focuses down to 45 cm., uses 77 mm. filters, weighs in at 710 gram and may be used with the HB-53 hood.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 3.5-5.6/28-300 mm. G-ED VR
Nikon had to face the competition of those fellow lens makers that already offered a zoom lens with such a large zoom range. In August 2010 Nikon entered into that battle with this lens, featuring 19 (!) elements in 14 groups (2 ED elements & 3 aspheric elements). This lens focuses down to 50 cm. uses 77 mm. filters and weighs in at 800 gram. The best hood is HB-50. The huge zoom range may be useful for general photography but also Nikon engineers have to tackle various optical problems in designing such a lens. Don't expect excellent performance at both ends of the zoom range.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 4-5.6/55-200 mm. G VR
An other so called kit lens, often offered together with the 18-55mm. zoom lens, described above. In April 2005 the non-VR version was introduced; the VR-version is offered since March 2007. With 15 elements - of which one is made of ED-glass - in 11 groups, built-in Silent Wave Motor, a weight of 335 gram and internal focusing, it produces more than acceptable images. Not made for professional use, though! It comes with hood HB-37.
Early January 2015 this lens was succeeded by the AF-S DX NIKKOR 55-200mm f/4-5.6G ED VR II. This lens has an optical construction of 13 elements (of which one is made of ED-glass) in 9 groups. A novelty is the retractable lens barrel, making the lens a bit smaller and lighter (300 gram). The lens can be focused down to 110 mm. Filter size is 52 mm. and the best hood is HB-37.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor DX 4.5-5.6/55-300 mm. G-ED VR
Mid August 2010 Nikon introduced this long range Zoom-Nikkor featuring a very complex optical design, consisting of 17 elements in 11 groups. 2 elements are made of Extra Dispersion (ED) glass and one element with High Refractive Index. This "offers the same benefits of standard optical glass and compensates focal plane curvature and spherical aberration" as Nikon explains this special HRI element. The use of this (glass?) element reduces the weight as well. The lens can be focused down to 1.4 meter, uses 58 mm. filters and weighs in at 530 gram. The best hood is HB-57.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 2.8/70-200 mm. G VR
This beautiful lens was introduced in February 2002. It consists of 21 elements - of which 5 are made of ED-glass - in 15 groups. All elements received the Super Nikon Integrated Coating. Aperture with 9 blades for nice images runs from 2.8-22., Minimum distance is 1.4 meter in MF and 1.5 meter in AF. The lens takes 77mm. filters and the hood HB-29. It weight is 1430 gram. By the end of July 2009 an improved version was introduced. The optical formula has been slightly changed into 21 elements in 16 groups. 7 elements are made of ED-glass and some elements have received the famous nano-crystal coating in order to avoid internal reflections.
Mid October 2016 the successor (2.8/70-200 mm E FL ED VR) of this lens was introduced with a re-designed optical formula: 22 elements in 18 groups, of which 1 is made of fluorite glass, one of HRI glass and 6 (!) of ED glass. The front element has a fluorine coating for protection and some elements have nano crystal coating for eliminating internal reflections. The lens can be focused down to 1.1 meter, the aperture has 9 blades and the lens takes 77 mm. filters. The new lens is 110 gr. lighter than his older brother.
AF-S Zoom Nikkor 4/70-200 mm. ED VR
At the end of October 2012 this zoom lens for FX and DX format was introduced. Its optical formula consists of 20 elements (of which 3 are of ED-glass and 1 of HRI-glass) in 14 groups with 9 diaphragm blades. One element has also the famous Nano Crystal coating. The Silent Wave Motor (SWM) makes fast focusing down to 1 meter possible. The lens uses 67 mm filters and is weighing in at 850 gram. Used with a 2x teleconverter on a Nikon D4, D800(E) and D600 this lens can offer full autofocus, as these cameras have an autofocus sensor that works with apertures of f/8 and larger.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 4.5-5.6/70-300 mm. G VR
Above pictures were shot with Nikon D-200 + Nikkor 70-300mm-VR-lens at 1/30 sec. f/5.6 at 300 mm. (left with, right without VR).
This popular lens - among amateur photographers - was introduced as an auto focus lens back in August 1998. Its version in G-mount (and unfortunately a plastic lens mount) was put on the market in August 2000. The VR-version, with 2 elements made of ED-glass (total optical construction is 17 elements in 12 groups!) and a built-in Silent Wave Motor is a better performer. It focuses down to 150 cm. and comes with hood HB-36. More than one million lenses (of all versions) were sold already! Mid August 2016 an updated DX-version was introduced: the AF-P 70-300mm featuring a stepping motor for quicker autofocus. One of the 14 elements in 10 groups is made of ED-glass. It will focus down to 1.1 meter and takes 58 mm. filters. Best hood is HB-77.
Mid July 2017 Nikon introduced an AF-P 70-300mm lens for FX-format! 18 elements (of which some made of ED-glass) in 14 groups and an electromagnetic diaphragm mechanism are the main features of the new lens. Its weight is 680 gr. and the best hood is the HB-82.
AF Zoom-Nikkor 4.5-5.6/80-400 mm. VR
This lens - introduced in 2000 - was Nikon´s first exchangeable SLR Zoom-Nikkor featuring a built-in vibration reduction system. It is a construction of 17 elements in 11 groups with an aperture range from 4.5 - 32. The non-turning front lens accepts 77 mm. filters and the HB-24 hood. The lens has a length of 18 cm. but at full zoom (400 mm.) it is 24 cm. long! Unfortunately the performance at the long end (400 mm.) of the zoom range is disappointing.
Early March 2013 this first VR-lens in Nikon's stables was succeeded by the AF-S Nikkor 4.5-5.6/80-400mm VR; in name identical but inside a different world. The optical construction consists now of 20 elements in 12 groups. 4 elements are made of ED-glass and 1 even of Super ED-glass. Some elements received Nano Crystal Coating, closest focusing distance is 1.75 meter, but filter size remains 77 mm. and the weight went up from 1438 gram to 1570 gram (including tripod mounting collar).
AF-S Nikkor 4/180-400 mm E TC 1.4 FL ED VR
This unique lens - introduced mid January 2018 - offers a lot of new features; as there are 27 elements (!) - of which 8 are made of ED-glass and 1 of Fluorite glass - in 19 groups + 1 protective glass element. Some elements received a nano crystal coating. The 3500 gram heavy lens has internal focusing and - never seen before - a built-in 1.4 x teleconverter (8 elements in 5 groups)! When switching the teleconverter into the optical system you will have a 252-560 mm zoom lens at f/5.6 ! One can focus the lens down to 2 meter at all focal lengths. It takes 40.5 mm filters and the HK-41 hood.
AF-S Nikkor 2/200 mm. G VR
This beautiful lens - introduced in 2004 - has nothing to do with the manual focus Nikkor 2/200 mm. The optical design of this new lens - AF-S VR Nikkor 200mm. f/2G IF-ED - is totally new. The auto focus version has an optical construction of 13 elements in 9 groups (the manual version 10 elements in 8 groups). 3 elements are made of ED-glass and one of Super-ED* glass. It has a silent wave motor for quick internal focusing, distance data transfer and the vibration reduction feature + focus memory recall. The latter enables the photographer to set the focus on a certain distance. The VR-system has 2 settings: Normal for handheld shooting and Active for handheld shooting while sitting on/in e.g. a car or on a motor bike. Needle sharp at all apertures and distances, down to 1.90 meter. A pity is the G-mount, thus having no aperture ring, and its weight: 2900 gram.
Mid September 2010 Nikon introduced a successor of this fine lens, having the same optical construction but some elements have the famous Nano Crystal Coating. The VR-system has been improved as well. 52mm. drop-in filters can be used. The lens weighs in at 2930 gram and will take lens hood HK-31.
* It is said that Super ED has more ´elasticity´ to avoid distortion at high temperatures. Many lenses will become warm or even hot when they are used in bright sunlight. Not only metal parts but also optical glass may expand which may result in a focus distortion. The removable front lens is a protective lens.
AF-S Zoom-Nikkor 4/200-400 mm. G VR
In Summer 2003 this huge lens was introduced. It has 24 elements in 17 groups, 4 elements are of ED-glass. Its minimum focusing distance is 2 meter, it takes 52mm. filters and weighs in at 3275 gram. An upgraded version of this lens was introduced in April 2010. Optical formula remained the same, although some elements are now 'covered' with Nikon's famous nano-crystal coating, in order to reduce flair and ghost light beams. The Vibration Reduction system has been improved as well; in Nikon's terminology VR II. The lens features auto focus with manual override and it has a detachable protective glass at its front. The new lens weighs in at 3360 gr.
AF-S Nikkor 5.6/200-500 mm. E ED VR
Early August 2015 Nikon introduced this heavy (2.300 gram with tripod collar) AF-S Nikkor, offering Vibration Reduction, enabling to shoot hand-held. The optical formula consists of 19 elements (of which 3 are made of ED-glass) and it has 9 aperture blades, inside an electro-magnetic diaphragm unit. The lens, usable on FX- and DX-cameras can be focused down to 2.2 meter and takes 95 mm. filters.
AF-S Nikkor 4/300mm E PF ED VR
This long title belongs to a very special Niikor FX format lens, introduced early January 2015. As the first Nikkor lens (for full-frame photography) this lens features a fresnel lens, making it considerably lighter (545 gram) and shorter (75 mm.) than its predecessors and competitors. Its optical construction consists of 16 elements in 10 groups. One element (the second from the front) is made of ED-glass, the fourth lens from the front is a fresnel lens. Some elements have a nano crystal coating and some have a fluorine coating.The lens can be focused down to 1.40 meter. It weighs in at 775 gram, has a filter thread of 77 mm. and uses the HB-73 hood.
The Nikon TC-3PF converter lens for Coolpix cameras has a fresnel lens, too.
AF-S Nikkor 2.8/300 mm. G VR
This VR-version of the very popular fast 300mm. came on the market in September 2004. It has a redesigned optical system of 11 elements in 8 groups (3 are ED), plus a protective front lens (this time a meniscus lens). Some elements are coated with the new nano-crystal coating., 52mm. drop-in filter can be used. This needle-sharp and fast lens weighs in at 2.85 kilo. Mid December 2009 Nikon introduced an upgraded version of the lens; optical system remains the same, but an auto focus with manual override is the new feature. The lens has now three focus modes (auto focus with manual override, AF priority and manual priority).
The three beautiful lenses shown below were all introduced in August 2007. They all have a built-in Silent Wave Motor, at least 3 lens elements of special Extra Dispersion (ED) glass and a protective meniscus front lens and they may be used with 52 mm. drop-in filters. On some elements Nikon has used its famous nano-crystal coating and all three are featuring Nikon's improved vibration reduction system (VR II). Needless to say that these lenses are razor-sharp at all apertures and all distances! Any image made with these lenses will impress you (as well as their price!)
AF-S Nikkor 2.8/400 mm. G VR
The optical formula of this lens consists of 14 elements in 11 groups; it can be focused down to 2.8 meter. The lens weighs in at 4620 gr. and the best hood is HK-33. Mid April 2014 Nikon replaced this popular lens by an improved version with an altered optical formula: 16 elements in 12 groups + 1 meniscus protective glass with fluorite coating. Two elements are made of fluorite glass and two others made of ED-glass. Some elements are also coated with Nano Crystal coating. Barrel components are made of magnesium to lower the weight down to 3800 gram. The tripod collar has got bearings to ease rotation. The lens is taking 40.5 mm. screw-in filters and a HK-38 hood. Minimum focusing distance is 2.6 meter. This sofisticated lens features an extra SPORT Vibration Reduction for capturing very fast moving objects.
AF-S Nikkor 4/500 mm. G VR
The optical formula of this mid-2014 introduced FX-telelens consists of 14 elements in 11 groups, close focus down to 4 meter, weight is 3880 gr. and the best hood is HK-34. Early July 2015 an improved lens was introduced. The new one has 16 elements in 12 groups, of which no. 1 and no. 2 from the front are made of fluorite glass, 3 others are made of ED-glass. Some of the lenses have a Nano Crystal coating and the protective glass at the lens front features a fluorine coating. The lens weighs in at 3090 gr. and can be focused down to 3.6 meters. 40.5 mm. filters can be attached to the very rear of the lens.
AF-S Nikkor 5.6/500 mm E PF ED VR\
Late August, 2018 Nikon introduced the earlier announced super telelens with VR and a fresnel lens. Its special optical formula consists of 19 elements in 11 groups. 3 elements are made of ED (extra dispersion) glass and one element is a fresnel lens, whcih makes it possible to produce a lighter and shorter telelens. Some elements have the nano crystal coating, while the front lens has a fluorine coating. The entire lens is dust- en drip resistant, can be focused down to 3 meters, uses 95 mm filters and weighs in at 1460 gram.
AF-S Nikkor 4/600 mm. G VR
Mid 2014 this lens was announced. The optical formula consists of 15 elements in 11 groups, can be focused down to 5 meter, weights in at 5060 gr. and uses hood HK-35. Early July 2015 an improved and even more sophisticated lens was introduced.This one has 16 elements in 12 groups, of which no. 1 and no. 2 from the front are made of fluorite glass, 3 others are made of ED-glass. Some of the lenses have a Nano Crystal coating and the protective glass at the lens front features a fluorine coating. The lens weighs in at 3810 gr. and can be focused down to 4.4 meters. 40.5 mm. filters can be attached to the very rear of the lens.
AF-S Nikkor 5.6/800 mm. G VR
Mid July 2012 Nikon announced the introduction of this very long tele-lens at the 2012 Photokina Camera Fair in Germany. The official introduction came at the end of January 2013. At the same time an exclusively made teleconverter was introduced: Nikon TC-800 - 1.25E ED. The new 'stove pipe' of 800mm has an optical formula of 20 elements in 13 groups. 2 elements are made of fluorite, two other elements are made of Ed-glass and in front one will find a protective glass element. Some elements have a nano crystal coating to eliminate internal reflection. The lens has G-mount, the well-known silent wave motor and the latest vibration reduction technology, which makes hand-held photography possible. Although it is hard to believe that a photographer will run around with this lens for a long time as the huge pipe weighs in at 4,590 gram. Filters with a 55mm thread can be screwed in at the back; the best hood is the HK-38.
The special teleconverter will convert the above lens into a tele-lens of 1000mm. with a maximum effective aperture of f/7,1. Newer digital SLR cameras with an AF-sensor able to master f/8-lenses will easily focus the combination down to 5,9 meters. The optical formula of the teleconverter consists of 5 elements in 3 groups. It is the first converter with an ED glass. The converter weighs in at 135 gram, making the whole combination a nearly 5 kilo heavy instrument for extreme telephotography.